Waybill - AWB
The air shipping document and contract of carriage, confirming receipt
of goods. Please see attachment for Terms
Arbitrary - ARB
Part of transportation costs. For ocean, normally an add-on inland
cost to o/f. For air, normally a constructed rate, combining the
normal rate fro major airport A to major airport B, then the added
rate to minor airport C.
Arrival Notice - A/N
An import document send to the notify party and/or importer's broker
containing all necessary arrival info for Customs clearance; normally
with freight charges.
Automated Broker Interface - ABI
A system that allows customs brokers to file entry electronically
with U.S. Customs.
Automated Export System - AES
A system that allows exporters to file export declarations eletronically
with U.S. Customs.
Bill of Lading- B/L
Issued by the carrier evidencing receipt of goods for transportation
from a specified origin to a specified final destination. Please
see attachment for Terms
Bonded Warehouse - BW
A U.S. Customs authorized facility allowed to receive, store and
ship cargo not yet cleared through Customs. The facility is licensed
by Customs and operates under Customs authority.
Booking - BKG
A reservation with carrier arranged by the shipper or his representative
for space and/or equipment aboard a specific ship or aircraft departing
at a specific time.
Buyer's Consolidation - B.C.
Acting on buyer's behalf to receive,consolidate and containerize
consignments from multiple suppliers and to ship them as a full
container load to minimize shipping costs.
A shipping document specifying shipment details & flight/vessel
information. Issued by the carrier and reported to U.S. Customs.
Certificate of Origin - C.O.
A signed statement from a semiofficial organization certifying the
origin of an export item, required by certain nations.
For air, the actual gross weight of the shipment (in kg or lbs)
or the volume weight (in cubic cm or cubic inches), whichever is
greater (basis 6000 cubic cm/366 cubic inches per kg, or 166 cubic
inches per lb), that will generate the largest revenue. For ocean
LCL shipments, it is calculated basis 1 cbm/1000 kg.
Commercial Invoice - INV
The seller's invoice to the buyer itemizing the specific type, quantity
& true value of the goods, specifying the amount due for payment.
Consignee - CNEE
The person or firm listed on the AWB-B/L who is to receive the goods.
Container & Container Number - CTNR / CTNR#
A uniform, sealed, reusable metal box in which cargo is shipped
by sea, truck or rail. Its identification number consists of a 4
letter prefix followed by 6 digits and 1 check digit. The 4 letters
identify the container's owner or the carrier, and the length of
the container. The air equivalent is called a ULD (Unit Load Device).
Container Freight Station - CFS
A facility where consolidated shipments are stripped, segregated,
stored and made available to importers.
A type of customs bond offered by U.S. Customs and renewed on an
Cubic Feet - CFT
A unit of shipping volume calculated by mutiplying the carton's
dimensions (LxWxH) in inches and dividing the result by 1728.
Cubic Meter - CBM
A unit of shipping volume calculated by mutiplying the carton's
dimensions (LxWxH) in cm and dividing the result by 1,000,000.
Customs Broker - CHB
A person licensed by U.S. Customs to transact Customs business on
behalf of others, including entry, classification/value, and the
payment of duties, taxes, etc on imported goods. Also, the refund,
rebate or drawback thereof.
The latest delivery time of cargo to a designated location for loading
to a vessel or aircraft as booked.
Dangerous Goods - D.G.
Items capable of presenting a risk to the health and safety of individuals
or property normally requiring special attention when shipped. Such
goods are highly regulated by by the U.S. and all world governments.
Dangerous Goods Declaration
A document issued by factory/shipper in accordance with applicable
regulations stating hazardous materials have been properly packed
and labeled in accordance with the provisions of the relevant regulations
for transport purposes.
Delivery Order - D.O.
A document from the consignee, shipper or owner of the cargo ordering
the delivery of of the cargo to another party.
A charge which occurs after free storage time at the terminal/CFS
has expired, and the cargo has not been removed (a charge for excess
Destination Authorized Delivery - D.A.D.
A document issued by U.S. Customs confirming Customs release of
the goods and authorizing their delivery.
Chargeable weight calculated by the dimensions of pkgs by applying
shipping industy formulas. (See chargeable weight)
Dock Receipt - D/R
A receipt used to transfer accopuntability when the cargo is delivered
to the port and left with theinternational carrier for export. The
dock receipt, listing cargo particulars, is used as documentation
to prepare the Bill of Lading. It is evidence of delivery of the
loaded & sealed container to the terminal.
Door to Door Service
A type of service offered by the carrier;entailing through transport
of cargo from shipper's door to receiver's door.
A tax imposed on imports by the Customs authority of a country,
usually based upon the value of the goods.
A program administratered by U.S. Customs which permits a refund
of 99% of the customs duties paid on merchandise that has been imported
into the U.S. and is thereafter exported or used as raw material
of a finished product.
U.S. Customs Form 7501,containing the entry date, importer of record
and their tax ID#, shipment detail and duty rate and amount to be
paid as duty to customs.
Estimated Time of Arrival - ETA
The projected date and time a shipment is scheduled to arrive at
Estimated Time of Departure - ETD
The projected date and time a shipment is scheduled to depart from
the port/airport of origin.
document issue by local gov't which permiting a company to perform
the exportation of designated goods to certain destination
The final delivery point of the shipment.
The period of time allowed for free storage upon shipment availability
at the CFS or terminal.
Freight Collect - CC
Freight charges to be collected at destination from the consignee
Freight Prepaid - PP
Freight charges to be paid by the shipper at origin to carrier.
Full Container Load - FCL
A container that is fully loaded by cargo, occupying all space,
or loaded to the maximum permissable weight. It can contain cargo
from multiple shippers, but normally is consigned to the same consignee.
The shipment is expected to be delivered to the consignee with the
shipper's seal intact.
General Order warehouse - G.O.
A warehouse where U.S. Customs sends merchandise that has not been
claimed or entered within 5 working days after arrival at the CFS
or the terminal. All storage charges incurred will be the responsibility
of the importer.
Gross Weight - G.W.
Actual weight of shipment including packing material
Harbor Maintenance Fee - HMF
Charges assessed to harbor users for maintenance purposes. Part
of customs duty; currently 0.125%
Harmonized Tariff Schedule No. - HTS#
An international cargo classification number adopted by U.S. Customs
that is needed to file customs entry and the duty rate application
for specific items.
High Cube container - HC
A type of container with exterior dims of 40'(L)x8'(W)x9'(H), used
to transport large volume but low weight cargo.
A document required and issued by some national gov'ts authorizing
the importation of specific commodities into their countries.
Importer of Record
The owner or purchaser of the goods as defined by U.S. Cusoms that
is inputed as the importer in an entry.
Kilogram - KG
An international unit of weight; 1kg is equivalent to 2.2046 pounds.
Less than Container Load - LCL
A shipment that takes up only a portion of a consolidated container.
LCL shpts are to be picked up at a CFS only, whereas FCL are to
be picked up at a container yard/terminal.
Letter of Credit - L/C
A financial document issued by a bank at the request of the Consignee
guaranteeing payment to the Shipper for cargo if certain terms and
conditions are met.
A notice send by Customs, normally anywhere from 90 days to 1 year
after entry of the shipment has been made, advising the importer
that the entry has been liquidated by Customs.
1 long ton is equivalent to 2,240 lbs or 1016 kgs.
Merchandise Processing Fee - MPF
A part of Customs duty; currently 0.19%
Metric Ton - M/T
1 metric ton is equivalent to 1000kgs or 2204.6 lbs.
The lowest rate applicable on each type of cargo service, no matter
how small the shipment.
Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier - NVOCC
An ocean cargo shipment consolidator that functions as a carrier;
however, it does not own any vessels. The NVOCC consolidates small
shipments, then offers full containers to ocean carriers. NVOCCs
transport cargo for clients, issue Bills of Lading, and assume responsibility
The name and address of a party in the transport document to be
notified by the shipping company of the arrival of a shipment.
The continuation of carriage by any mode of transport to the final
destination after discharge from vessel at the port of discharge.
Open Top Container - O/T
A type of container similar to a standard dry container except that
it does not have a permanent metal roof. Instaed, it has a removable
A shipping document listing all contents of each individual package
and declaring the total # of packages, dimensions, weight, shipping
Port of Discharge
A port at which a shipment is off-loaded by a transportation line.
Port of Entry
The port at which foreign goods are admitted into the receiving
Port of Loading
The port or airport from which an export shipment leaves a country
for a voyage to a foreign country. The port at which a shipment
is actually loaded to a vessel or aircraft, or to an exporting truck.
Pound - LB
A unit of weight; 1 lb is equivalent to 0.454 kgs, or 16 ounces.
The initial carriage of goods by any mode of transport from the
place of receipt to the port of loading to the vessel or aircraft.
Pro Forma Invoice
An invoice provided by a supplier prior to shipment of the goods,
informing the buyer of the kinds and quantities of goods to be sent,
their value, and important specifications.The buyer will submit
it to Customs for valuation purposes to calculate duties due, and
to the central bank to obtain permission and clearance to convert
foreign currency into U.S. dollars in order to make payment to seller.
The quantity and kind of goods that may be imported without restriction
or additional duties or taxes.
Reefer Container - RFC
Refrigerated container. A thermal container with refrigerating apparatus
to control the termperature of its cargo.
Roll-on/Roll-off vessel - Ro/Ro
A type of vessel commonly used for shipping vehicles which can be
rolled-on & rolled-off the vessel either by their own power or by
Schedule B Classification No.
A U.S. Bureau of the Census generated classification number for
a specific commodity, based on the Harmonized system. The numbers
are required to file export declarations(SED) to U.S. Customs prior
to shipment on-board the exporting carrier's vessel or aircraft.
Shipper - SHPR
The party in whose name a contract of carriage of goods has been
concluded with at carrier or any party by whom, in whose name or
on whose behalf the goods are actually delivered to the carrier
in relation to the contract of carriage.
Shipper's Export Declaration - SED
U.S. Treasury department form containing the complete particulars
on individual shipments used to control exports and act as a source
document for official U.S. export statistics.The SED is required
from the shipper by U.S. Customs prior to shipment on-board the
carrier. (See 15 CFR, Part 30, for complete requirements concerning
preparation and filing of SEDs)
Shipper's Letter of Instruction - SLI
A document issue by shipper or their broker to carriers stating
their shipping instruction and shipment details. A multi-part form,
preparation of the SLI also prepares the SED.
Short Ton - S/T
1 short ton is equivalent to 2000 lbs or 907.2 kgs
Single Entry Bond
A type ofU.S. Customs bond required byCustoms at time of entry.
The bond Applies ONLY to that particular shipment.
Charges assessed by the warehouse for storage after the cargo's
free time has expired.
A published document defining the applicable rules, rates and charges
for the shipment of goods forming the basis for a contract of carriage
among the shipper, consignee and carrier.
Temporary Importation Bond - TIB
A type of bond posted with U.S. Customs covering importation of
merchandise claimed exempt from duty, guaranteeing that the same
shipment will be exported within a certain period of time, usually
1 year, unless extended.
Terms and Conditions - Air Waybill
Please see attachment for Terms
Terms and Conditions - Bill of Lading
Please see attachment for Terms
Transhipment - T/S
A shipping arrangement in which a shipment is discharged of the
vessel at an intermediate port enroute and subsequently reloaded
to another vessel for carriage to its final destinationl
A charge, usually assessed by truckers, for excessive time spent
waiting for access to the consignee's cargo at the CFS or the pier/terminal